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Sultan Hashim Ahmad al-Tai
|Iraqi Minister of Defence|
|Prime Minister||Saddam Hussein|
|Preceded by||Ali Hassan al-Majid|
|Succeeded by||Hazim al-Shaalan|
|Governor of Nineveh|
|Preceded by||Muhammad Abdul Qadir al-Daghestani|
|Succeeded by||Abdul-Wahid Shannan ar-Ribat|
Mosul, Kingdom of Iraq
|Died||19 July 2020 (aged 74–75)|
Nasiriyah Central Prison, Nasiriyah, Iraq
Crimes against humanity
|Criminal penalty||Death; commuted to life imprisonment|
|Political party||Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party|
|Children||8 sons and 2 daughters, including Khaled.|
|Years of service||1960–2003|
Persian Gulf War
Sulṭān Hāshim Aḥmad Muḥammad al-Ṭāʾī (Arabic: سلطان هاشم أحمد محمد الطائي; 1945 – 19 July 2020) was an Iraqi military commander, who served as Minister of Defense under Saddam Hussein's regime. Considered one of Iraq's most competent military commanders, he was appointed to the position in 1995. During his over 30 year military career, Sultan commanded two brigades, three divisions, and two corps of regular army corps before assuming responsibilities as Minister of Defense.
Persian Gulf War
Sultan served in the Iraqi Army during the 1980–1988 Iran–Iraq War and later in the Persian Gulf War, signing the ceasefire that ended it. He survived several purges and became the highest-ranking general in the Iraqi Army. He was regarded largely as a figurehead in the Iraqi military without any amount of real control.
As the invasion of Iraq loomed, it was reported in The Guardian in February 2003 that Sultan had been placed under house arrest by Saddam Hussein, in a move that was apparently designed to prevent a coup. He criticized Qusay Hussein’s handling of the Iraqi Republican Guard, saying Qusay “knew nothing [about commanding military]. He understood only simple military things like a civilian. We prepared information and advice for him and he'd accept it or not.”  Nevertheless, he continued to appear on Iraqi state-run T.V., to preserve a sense of normality.
Sultan was number 27 on the United States' list of most wanted former Iraqi officials. On 19 September 2003, after nearly a week of negotiations, he gave himself up in Mosul to the 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault). Dawood Bagistani, who arranged the surrender to Maj. Gen. David Petraeus, said Sultan was handed over "with great respect" and was with his family at the time. Bagistani said the U.S. military had promised to remove Sultan's name from the list of 55 most-wanted, meaning he would not face indefinite confinement and possible prosecution. "We trust the promise," Bagistani said.
Special treatment for Sultan al-Tai could be an effort to defuse the guerrilla-style attacks that were taking a toll on American soldiers. Many of the attackers are thought to be former soldiers in Saddam's army. Seeing their former military leader well-treated by the Americans might have encouraged them to lay down their arms.
On 24 June 2007, he was sentenced to death by hanging for war crimes and crimes against humanity. However his execution was not carried out because of public disapproval from Iraq's president Jalal Talabani. In May 2018, Iraq's Parliament speaker Salim al-Jabouri, requested a pardon for Sultan al-Tai alleging medical reasons. He then was transferred from the prison in Nasiriyah to a prison in Baghdad.
- "وفاة سلطان هاشم وزير الدفاع في نظام صدام حسين". شفق نيوز.
- "Iraqi defence minister 'under house arrest' | World news | The Guardian". TheGuardian.com. 26 August 2013. Archived from the original on 26 August 2013.
- "ANALYZING THE ENEMY". Daily Press. Retrieved 23 January 2023.
- "Iraqi president opposes minister's hanging". The Irish Times. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
- "Iraqi Parliamentary Speaker seeks pardon for Saddam Hussein's Defense Minister". www.kurdistan24.net. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
- "Saddam's former minister pleads for clemency as health deteriorates". The National. 28 May 2018. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
- "تلفزيون الناصرية: وفاة وزير الدفاع الاسبق سلطان هاشم في سجن الحوت". 19 July 2020. Archived from the original on 7 August 2021. Retrieved 19 July 2020.